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Near-Threatened The only large curassow occurring in central America. Inhabits heavy rainforest in lowland and hills, ranging from E Mexico to Panama and with and extension in the north-west of S America along the coast of W Colombia and W Ecuador. Due to its large size, a favorite hunting target, now highly reduced in numbers near settlements, and also the extent of its habitat is in strong decline. Not immediately endangered because the distribution is wide, but the bird will increasingly be dependent for survival on a few well-maintained reserves. All birds from the mainland are nominate rubra; the only other valid race, the small griscomi of Cozumel I. (Mexico), is critically endangered, with only one bird seen after several months searching around 1990, though 300 birds were estimated to survive by 1996.
Items in the ZMA - 5 birds:
ZMA 38947 Unsexed full-grown bird, undated [1800-1865], no locality, coll. Vrolik nr. 900, old mounted skeleton.
ZMA 38948 Unsexed full-grown bird, undated [1800-1890], 'South America', old mounted skeleton.
ZMA 56754 First winter female, dark <> rufous morph, died 1880 in the Amsterdam Zoo, prep. H. Koller, 'Crax rubra', mounted.
ZMA 56755 First winter female, dark morph, undated [before 1880], 'Mexico', 'Crax panamensis', old mount.
ZMA 56756 First winter female, rufous morph, 'Middle America', died 23 Jan 1886 in the Amsterdam Zoo, 'Crax panamensis', mounted.
An unnumbered male labelled on the front of the stand as 'Crax panamensis' but with an older pencil writing on the bottom of the stand stating 'Crax globicera' appears from the white tail-tips to be C. daubentoni and is listed under the next species. Also the identifications of the other specimens of Crax are not entirely without doubt, especially for males; details of bare part colours are not given on the skins or mounts, and these are likely to be discolored in these old specimens, while wattles are often shrunken.
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